Society for Allergy Friendly Environmental Gardening

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Native Perennials

                             Native Perennials for a Sunny – Pollinator Garden©

                                                                                          Prepared by: Peter Prakke

There are several important pollinators. The important ‘beneficial bugs’ are the bees, wasps, and sphinx moth. The plants in your garden or schoolyard would not flower or bear fruit without the help of pollinators. Pollinator’s survival depends on the amount of available food sources,   and there is a great diversity among pollinators. The female monarch butterflies need milkweed to lay their eggs. Milkweeds (Asclepias spp) are toxic which protect them from predators, and there are many more pollinators such as the hummingbirds etc. This selection is made for the allergy and asthma sufferers, along the MILKWEED HIGHWAY. Blooming time depends on the climatical conditions.  

Common Name

Scientific Name

Allergy Scale

Bloom Time

Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

1

Late spring

Butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa    

3

Summer

Joe Pye weed

Eupatorium fistulosum

6

Late summer

Sunflowers (pollen free)

Helianthus spp-depend species

1 – 6

Summer

Sneezeweed

Helenium autumnale

9

Late summer/fall

Blazing star

Liatris spicata

4

Summer

Cardinal flower

Lobelia cardinalis

m = 4 – f = 1

Late summer

Wild bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

3

Summer

Foxglove – Beardtongue

Penstemon digitalis     

2

Spring

Mountain mint

Pycnanthemum pilosum

2

Mid-late summer

Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia fulgida

5

Late summer

Goldenrod

Solidago spp  

6

Fall

Aster – Rainbow mix

Callistephus chinencis

4

Fall

Culverts root

Veronicastrum virginicum

6

Mid-late summer

Golden Alexander

Zizia aurea

5

Spring

 

NATIVE – SHADY POLLINATOR GARDEN

Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

1

Late spring

Wild blue phlox

Phlox divaricate

3

Spring

Creeping phlox

Phlox stolonifera

3

Spring

Indian pink

Spigelia marilandica

2

Summer

Goldenrod*

Soildago spp  

6

Fall

Canada violet (pansy)

Viola canadensis

1

Spring - summer

*Goldenrod are pollinated by insects and wind.  Goldenrod blooms at the same time as “Ragweed” (Ambrosia)

 

OTHER PERENNIAL POLLINATORS                                                                                                                      

Giant hyssop

Agastache spp

3

All season

Purple coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

5

Summer

English lavender

Lavandula spp

5

All season

Basil

Ocimum spp   

2

All season

Sweet marjoram

Origanum majorana

3

Summer

Oregano

Origanum vulgare      

3

All season

Parsley

Petrosillum

1

All season

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

3 – 5

All season

Thyme

Thymus spp

3

All season

Zinnia

Zinnia haageana

3

Summer

 

The allergy ratings are rated according the OPALS™ - Ogren Plant Allergy Scale.    

1 = low and allergy friendly and 10 = high and avoid.